• 111.jpgDate start 03.08.2017.Policy papers

    Local self-governments in North Kosovo: a dodgeball game

    The adoption of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/99 created numerous challenges in the operations of local self-governments in Kosovo, especially in the Serb-majority municipalities in North Kosovo. Many of these challenges are still present, primarily due to different interpretations of the Resolution 1244/99 and legal and institutional solutions for the operations of these municipalities. With the signing of the Brussels Agreement in April 2013, the conditions were in place for elections for local self-governments in North Kosovo, which would make these municipalities a part of the constitutional and legal system of Kosovo. However, local elections have not solved crucial problems in the functioning of these municipalities they face since UNMIK Mission arrived to Kosovo. This paper provides a historical overview of the development of legislative framework for operations of local self-governments in Kosovo since the signing of the Kumanovo Agreement and arrival of UNMIK Mission, with a special focus on the functioning of Serb-majority municipalities in North Kosovo. The paper is available in Serbia, English and Albanian language. Policy Brief was written as a part of the project “Support to local self-government administration reform in Northern Kosovo” funded by the U.S. Embassy in Pristina, and implemented by the Institute for Territorial Economic Development (InTER). The Project is implemented between March 2016 and July 2017.More information about the project is available at The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed herein are those of the Authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Department of State or the U.S Embassy.

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  • POBEDA_Cover_front_SER_01.jpgDate start 13.06.2017.Reports

    Environmental protection and economic development in Kosovo

    Environmental protection is one of the most important legacies of the modern society, closely connected to socio-economic development, the quality of life, and the prosperity of future generations. An increase in population and industrial growth has caused an endangered position of the surrounding nature, which is why the need for environmental protection has become a phenomenon, seeking a global answer. Therefore, public policies focusing on environmental protection are becoming more complex, and the number of institutions implementing them or monitoring the enforcement of relevant regulations is increasing to the extent which requires significant resources often beyond the state budgets, especially in developing countries. Environmental protection also affects the economy, primarily in the field of application of complex regulations, which certainly is a burden for business operations of small and medium-sized enterprises, and especially for the newly-established ones. On the other hand, the implementation of public policies in the field of environmental protection also opens up the possibility of economic valorisation in terms of private sector development and job creation. Starting from the fact that among entrepreneurs, local self-governments and even among citizens there is a lot of misunderstanding of the regulations in the field of environmental protection, especially in the north of Kosovo, where knowledge of Kosovo's legislation is poor, the Institute for Territorial Economic Development (InTER) has launched the project “Policy Dialogue for Environmental Protection and Development Action” in order to encourage discussion and raise the importance of this issue in the society.

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  • 2017_Characteristics_of_Roma_Entrepreneurship_in_Serbia_1_page_001.jpgDate start 20.02.2017.Analyses

    Characteristics of Roma Entrepreneurship in Serbia

    Characteristics of Roma Entrepreneurship in Serbia is an academic paper based on the results of the research with the same name, implemented in 2016. The paper’s objective is to show the importance of the development of Roma entrepreneurship for the solutions to economic and social problems of this ethnic group. The survey of 45 registered Roma entrepreneurs on the territory of the Republic of Serbia revealed that the majority are engaged in service provision, agriculture, manufacturing industry and waste recycling. The Roma are most often owners of microenterprises, which are usually family businesses. Roma entrepreneurs primarily operate on the local market, where revenues they generate are significantly lower than the revenues generated by other businesses. By gender, Roma entrepreneurs are mostly men. On average, they are insufficiently educated and trained to run a business, as suggested by the census data indicating that one out of three Roma people has primary education, and only 11.5% a secondary education. One of the most important problems faced by the Roma in business is obtaining finance. Another significant problem encountered by Roma entrepreneurs is related to high labour taxes and contributions, while other problems include insufficient knowledge about laws and procedures, grey economy, unstable prices of agricultural products, weak purchasing power of buyers, consumers’ prejudice, etc. In order to develop Roma entrepreneurship, it is necessary to ensure a more significant financial assistance to the existing and potential Roma entrepreneurs from public and donor funds, to look into the possibility of introducing new mechanisms to finance entrepreneurial activities among the Roma, provide different types of non-financial support to Roma entrepreneurs, support associations and promote entrepreneurship. The paper was published in the journal “Ekonomika preduzeća”, No. 7-8/2016 pp. 414-424.

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  • Romsko_preduzetnistvo_Cover.jpgDate start 30.01.2017.Research

    Roma Entrepreneurship: Challenges and Perspectives

    The Roma are the largest and most vulnerable ethnic group in the Republic of Serbia. According to the census, there are around u 150,000 Roma living in Serbia, and the number is estimated at around 600,000. Roma in Serbia face numerous problems, including a more difficult access to the labour market. According to the data from the 2011 Census, only 28% of the Roma belong to the economically active category, of which 41% are employed and 16% have their own business. Between June and December 2016, the Institute for Territorial Economic Development (InTER) and Yurom Centre conducted the research "Roma Entrepreneurship: Challenges and Perspectives“ aimed at learning about the characteristics of Roma entrepreneurs, the specifics imposing burdens on business operations of Roma entrepreneurs, and offering policy solutions which would try to overcome the identified problems. The research was implemented with support provided by the Open Society Institute Budapest Foundation.

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